Eilat, the southernmost city in the country, is considered the undisputed holiday capital of Israel. Geographically, the Gulf of Eilat is located at the edge of a long narrow estuary separating the Arabian Peninsula and the Sinai desert. As an oasis on the shores of the Red Sea, Eilat provides visitors with a spectacular combination of mountainous desert landscape, a beautiful bay and the summer sun that shines all through the year. Without a doubt, Eilat is one of the most unique cities in Israel, and one of the most exclusive resorts in the world, that attracts as much as 2.8 million visitors per year.
The city is home to dozens of hotels, restaurants, shopping centers, bars and clubs. It provides a variety of attractions aimed at all types of vacationers. Diving enthusiasts, especially, will enjoy one of the most beautiful diving sites in the world with a spectacular coral reef and underwater wildlife. Not like many other resort towns, the city of Eilat has a lot to offer nature lovers as well, with the beautiful Arava desert north of the city, you can hike, cycle or drive through the many amazing trails.
Initially, Eilat was a remote and secluded city. However, since the official opening of Eilat airport, in the early 60's, the southernmost city began to grow and develop rapidly until it become a vibrant city that never ceases to innovate and re-justify, year after year, the title of- the most popular tourist destination on the shores of the Red Sea.
Today Eilat's territory is about 87,000 hectares and it is home to about 60,000 residents. It is the fourth largest in jurisdiction in the country. Tourism is a major employment sector in the city, with dozens of hotels and guest houses that offer more than 10,000 rooms. In 1985 Eilat was declared as a "free trade zone", which means - Tax Free, a status that also attracts many tourists.